How do you get diabetes is a question that is on the minds of millions of people these days, and with diabetes mellitus (DM) on the rise it’s no wonder that many people are asking, “How do you get diabetes?” People who get diabetes have typically inherited the tendency for it, so knowing how to prevent it may keep this disease from developing. Today we will explore the different types of diabetes, discuss ways to prevent them, and of course answer the question, “How do you get diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus is a disease. There are two primary forms, type 1 (also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus), and type 2 (also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus). There are secondary forms of this disease and they can be caused by conditions such as pancreatic disease, hormonal or genetic problems, pregnancy (gestational diabetes mellitus), and certain drugs or chemicals.
When the body doesn’t produce or properly use insulin, a person is said to have diabetes mellitus. This leads to a high blood sugar known as hyperglycemia. Insulin allows glucose to travel into cells where it is used for energy and is stored as glycogen. Insulin also stimulates protein synthesis and free fatty acid storage in adipose tissue. The pancreas is the gland in the body that makes insulin. In simple terms, the insulin moves sugar from the blood into the body cells where the sugar can be used for energy. When sugar is trapped in the blood and not able to go into the cells, diabetes is diagnosed. But exactly how do you get diabetes?
How do you get diabetes type 1 and type 2 and what causes them?…
When a person cannot make any insulin they are said to have type 1 diabetes. This is because the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas have been destroyed or suppressed. The beta cells can be destroyed by an organ-specific deficit that causes an autoimmune attack on the cells. Unfortunately, by the time someone knows they have diabetes, most of the beta cells have been destroyed. This disease is usually diagnosed in people under the age of 25 and can be caused by an inherited risk, injury to the beta cells by certain viruses, and destruction of the injured cells by the body’s immune system.
When a person cannot make enough insulin for the body’s needs, they are said to have type 2 diabetes. Sometimes the body makes enough insulin but it is blocked from working properly, this is called insulin resistance and is often seen in type 2 diabetes. This disease is usually diagnosed in people over the age of 25 and can be caused by an inherited risk, high fat diets, excess body weight (typically in the upper body and abdomen), lack of exercise, and smoking.
What causes secondary diabetes?…
Pregnancy can cause gestational diabetes mellitus because of weight gain and high levels of estrogen and placental hormones. Other causes of secondary diabetes are physical or emotional stress which may cause prolonged elevation levels of stress hormones like cortisol, glucagon, epinephrine, and GH. These hormones raise the blood glucose and increase the demands on the pancreas. Medications such as adrenal corticosteroids, oral contraceptives and drugs that work against the effects of insulin can cause secondary diabetes. Even some viral infections, such as CMV, adenovirus, mumps, and rubella have been known to cause it.
How do you get diabetes through environmental and dietary factors?…
Climate is a factor that may trigger diabetes. Epidemiologists observe a higher prevalence of type 1 diabetes in colder climates such as Northern Europe than in warmer climates like Southern Europe.
People often wonder how do you get diabetes from an infection? Studies conclusively link the enterovirus, a gastrointestinal illness, to some cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Clinicians believe a child’s immature immune system mistakenly attacks the pancreas in an effort to eradicate the virus. In adults, the virus spares the beta cells but causes type 2 diabetes by reducing their ability to produce insulin.
Toxins, such as arsenic and dioxin, help solve part of the question about how do you get diabetes. Environmental health studies of art glass workers, copper smelters and people who drink arsenic-tainted water confirm an elevated risk for diabetes. Population studies of Vietnam veterans, Italian factory workers and other groups exposed to dioxin have high insulin levels and insulin resistance that correlate to other epidemiologic studies.
Scientists wanted an answer to the question how do you get diabetes from elevated lipids? In a Nature Medicine study, researchers discovered that an accumulation of cholesterol and triglycerides in the beta cells caused impaired glucose tolerance and lowered insulin secretion. Clinicians urge patients to monitor their lipids to avoid the complications of diabetes, stroke and heart disease.
What does having prediabetes mean and how can I get tested?…
The abnormal insulin physiology caused by dioxide exposure is known as prediabetes, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance and syndrome X. Blood sugar levels in prediabetes are elevated, but below the level required for a diabetes diagnosis. This disorder can evolve into diabetes if left untreated.
Early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes can prevent heart disease, stroke and other complications.
You should be tested for diabetes if you:
* Have family history of diabetes
* Display signs of insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension, polycystic ovarian syndrome
* Are a member of a specific minority ethnic/race group (African-American, American Indian, Hispanic American, South Pacific Islander and Asian)
The lab will conduct a fasting plasma glucose (FPG) or oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to make a diabetes diagnosis. Both tests require that you not consume food and beverages for at least 8 hours prior to drinking the glucose beverage. Your blood is drawn to measure your glucose level. The OGTT is more likely to detect prediabetes, but it is less convenient because your blood glucose is also measured 2 hours after you drink the beverage.
How do you get diabetes type 2 and can it be prevented?…
Most risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes are related to a Western lifestyle, such as obesity and sedentary habits. You can prevent type 2 diabetes by exercising and eating healthy foods because the answer to the question, how do you get diabetes, is often found in an individual’s lifestyle and diet.
Diabetes is a common cause of disability and death, and for that reason it is always good to ask the question and understand the answers to the question, “How do you get diabetes?”